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驻卡拉奇总领事李碧建在当地报纸发文介绍“十三五”辉煌成就
2020-11-13 12:21

  11月12日,驻卡拉奇总领事李碧建在巴基斯坦《商业纪事报》(Business Recorder)发表题为《“十三五”成就辉煌》的署名文章,介绍我国“十三五”期间经济社会发展等取得的巨大成就。全文如下:

  “十三五”时期是中国全面建成小康社会决胜阶段。面对错综复杂的国际形势、艰巨繁重的国内改革发展稳定任务特别是新冠肺炎疫情严重冲击,中国共产党团结带领全党全国各族人民奋发有为推进党和国家各项事业,取得以下辉煌成就:

  经济实力大幅跃升。2016年到2019年,中国年均经济增长率达到6.7%,高于世界经济平均水平3.9个百分点。2019年国内生产总值达到99.1万亿元、占全球经济比重达16%,对世界经济增长的贡献率超过了32%,预计“十三五”期末国内生产总值将超过100万亿元。人均国内生产总值突破1万美元。2019年全国居民人均可支配收入达30733元、比2015年增长39.9%,1.4亿家庭年收入达到10万—50万元。国际收支基本平衡,外汇储备保持在3万亿美元以上。

  经济结构持续优化。2019年,全社会研发支出达到2.17万亿元,占GDP的比重达到了2.19%。研发经费投入总量居世界第2位,创新指数位居世界第14位,提交国际专利申请量跃居世界第一。2019年我国社会消费品零售总额达41.2万亿元,已成为世界第一大市场,最终消费支出对经济增长的贡献率保持在60%左右。粮食产量连续多年保持在1.3万亿斤以上,规模以上高技术产业增加值占比为14.4%,服务业增加值占国内生产总值比重达53.9%、比2015年提高3.4个百分点,新兴服务业年均增速高达19.4%,成为助推服务业持续增长的新动能。

  攻坚战成效显著。脱贫攻坚取得决定性成就,2016年至今已有5575万农村贫困人口脱贫,到2020年末,困扰中华民族几千年的绝对贫困问题将历史性得到解决。2019年单位GDP能耗比2015年下降13.2%,全国337个城市空气质量优良天数比例为82%,地表水质量达到或好于Ⅲ类水体比例达74.9%,生态环境质量大为改善。金融等领域风险隐患得到有效控制。新冠肺炎疫情防控取得重大战略成果。

  城乡区域发展协调性增强。农村生产生活条件显著改善,乡村旅游、休闲农业等新业态不断涌现。新型城镇化质量稳步提高,2019年末常住人口城镇化率升至60.6%、比2015年提高4.5个百分点。区域协调发展战略深入实施。

  全面深化改革取得重大突破。中国特色社会主义制度更加完善,主要领域基础性制度体系基本形成,党和国家机构改革取得重大成效,国家治理体系和治理能力现代化水平明显提高。营商环境持续优化、全球排名大幅提升。产权保护制度体系加快完善,要素市场化配置改革持续深化,市场在资源配置中的决定性作用明显提升。

  开放型经济新格局加快构建。共建“一带一路”不断走深走实,累计与138个国家和30个国际组织签署200份共建“一带一路”合作文件,雅万高铁、中老铁路、瓜达尔港等重大项目取得积极进展,到2020年8月底中欧班列累计开行近2.9万列。货物贸易进出口总值2019年达31.54万亿元、位居世界第一。设立21个自由贸易试验区,海南成为内地第一个自由贸易港。2019年实际利用外商直接投资规模达1381亿美元,非金融类境外直接投资1106亿美元。

  人民生活水平全面提高。2019年全国居民恩格尔系数降至28.2%、比2015年下降2.4个百分点,每百户家用汽车拥有量达35.3辆。2016年至今城镇新增就业累计超过6000万人,城镇居民、农村居民人均住房建筑面积分别达到39.8和48.9平方米。九年义务教育巩固率达94.8%,高等教育毛入学率超过50%,劳动年龄人口平均受教育年限为10.7年。广播电视节目综合人口覆盖率超过99%。建成世界上规模最大的社会保障体系,基本医疗保险覆盖超过13亿人,基本养老保险覆盖近10亿人,居民平均预期寿命2019年达77.3岁,比世界平均预期寿命高近5岁。

  “十三五”的辉煌成就充分展示了中国共产党强有力的领导以及中国社会主义制度的巨大优势。持续增长的中国为包括巴基斯坦在内的全世界提供了前所未有的机遇和资源,让我们携手构建更加美好的世界。

  原文如下:

  13th Five-Year-Plan: China’s great achievements

  Li Bijian 12 Nov 2020

  The “13th Five-Year Plan” (13th FYP) period (2016-2020) is the decisive stage for China’s victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Confronted with a complex and volatile environment internationally and formidable tasks in promoting reform, growth, and stability at home, especially the severe impact of Covid-19, the Communist Party of China (CPC) unites the entire Party and all Chinese people to forge ahead and made all round achievements.

  The economic strength consolidated. China’s average annual economic growth rate reached 6.7% between 2016 to 2019, 3.9 percentage higher than the world average. China’s GDP reached 99.1 trillion RMB ($14.4 trillion) in 2019, accounting for 16% of the world total, and its contribution to world growth exceeds 32%. The GDP will exceed 100 trillion RMB by the end of the 13th FYP. In 2019, the per capita GDP exceeds $10,000 and the national per capita disposable income of residents reached $4,465 with an 39.9% increase compared with that of 2015. The annual income of 140 million Chinese households reached $15,000 to $75,000. The international payment is balanced, and foreign exchange reserves remains over 3 trillion USD.

  The economic structure optimized. In 2019, the R&D expenditure reached 2.17 trillion RMB ($315 billion), accounting for 2.19% of GDP, ranks second in the world. China ranks 14th in the Global Innovation Index and its number of international patent applications submitted ranks first in the world. China has become the world’s largest market with the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 41.2 trillion RMB ($ 5.99 trillion), the contribution ratio of final consumption expenditure to economic growth remains around 60%. The grain production remains over 650 million tons. The value added of high-tech industries accounts for 14.4% of GDP, and the service value added accounts for 53.9% of the GDP with an increase of 3.4 percent compared with that of 2015. The average annual growth of emerging service industries reached 19.4%, which has become a new driving force for the growth of the service industry.

  Remarkable results achieved in major areas. The targeted poverty alleviation has achieved a decisive victory. As many as 55.75 million rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty since 2016. The absolute poverty problem, which has plagued the Chinese nation for thousands of years, will be historically solved by the end of 2020. The pollution control has made huge progress. In 2019, energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 13.2% compared with that of 2015. The proportion of days with good air quality in 337 cities was 82%, and the proportion of surface water quality reaching or better than Grade III water-body reached 74.9%. The environment and ecosystem has greatly improved. The substantial risk prevention in financial and the relevant fields has achieved positive results. China has achieved important success in controlling Covid-19.

  The integrated urban and rural development promoted. The living and working conditions in rural areas improved significantly, new forms of business such as rural tourism and leisure agriculture have been continuously emerging. The quality of new urbanization has been steadily improving. The urbanization rate rose to 60.6% in 2019, an increase of 4.5%. The integrated regional development strategy has been fully implemented.

  Reforms made remarkable breakthroughs. The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics has been notably improved, frameworks for institutions in major areas have basically been established, the reform of the party and state institutions has achieved remarkable outcomes, and the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance has been advanced. The business environment has been continuously optimized and the global ranking steadily elevated. The property rights protection system develops rapidly and the reform of the market-based allocation of factors of production deepens. The decisive role of the market in allocating resources has been significantly enhanced.

  New pattern of open economy shaping up. The joint promotion of belt and road initiative continues to deepen and 138 countries and 30 international organizations have signed 200 cooperation documents. Jakarta-Bandung speed railway, China-Laos Railway, Gwadar Port etc. have made positive progress. By the end of August 2020, the total number of China-Europe Freight Express is nearly 29,000. The total value of goods trade reached 31.54 trillion RMB ($4.58 trillion) in 2019, ranking first in the world. 21 pilot free trade zones established, Hainan becomes the first free trade port in the Mainland. In 2019, China’s foreign investment in actual use reached 138.1 billion USD, and non-financial foreign investment recorded 110.6 billion USD.

  People’s living standards improved greatly. In 2019, the Engel coefficient dropped to 28.2%, a decrease of 2.4 percentage points from 2015, and the number of cars per 100 households reached 35.3. Since 2016, more than 60 million new urban jobs were added. The per capita housing area of urban and rural residents reached 39.8 and 48.9 square meters respectively. The consolidation rate of nine-year compulsory education reached 94.8%, the gross enrollment rate of higher education exceeded 50%, the average years of education of the working-age population was 10.7 years. The coverage rate of radio and television programs exceeds 99%. China has established the world’s largest social security system, with basic medical insurance covering more than 1.3 billion people and basic pension insurance covering nearly 1 billion. The average life expectancy reached 77.3 years in 2019, which is 5 years higher than the world’s average.

  The great achievements of the 13th FYP fully demonstrate the strong leadership of CPC and the advantages of China’s socialist system. The ever-growing China has provided unprecedented opportunities and resources for countries including Pakistan in the world. Let’s work together to make our planet even better.

  (The writer is Consul General of China to Karachi)

  Copyright Business Recorder, 2020

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